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1904 Indian Head Penny

  • Genuine U.S. coin minted at the Philadelphia Mint in 1904
  • Obverse features James Longacre's beautiful Miss Liberty wearing a Native American headdress
  • 19 mm in diameter (.75")
  • Available

America's first one-cent coins were called Large Cents and were produced from 1793 until 1856.... more
1904 Indian Head Penny

America's first one-cent coins were called Large Cents and were produced from 1793 until 1856. Even though they were official coins, they were not minted in gold or silver, therefore tax collectors and shopkeepers were not bound by law to accept them. In 1856, the law was changed and a new penny that was legal tender for all debts was created using a copper-nickel alloy. The new Flying Eagle Penny was designed by the U.S. Mint's Chief Engraver, James B. Longacre. Unfortunately, it was difficult to strike and, in 1858, Longacre had to redesign the penny. This time, he replaced the eagle with a youthful Lady Liberty wearing an Indian headdress with the word LIBERTY on the band. According to legend, Longacre used his own daughter, Sarah, as the model for the Indian Head Penny.

First minted in 1859, the "Type 1"- Indian Head Penny had a laurel wreath on the reverse. In 1860, the reverse was changed to an oak wreath with a shield inserted at the top. This coin became known asa "Type 2" Indian Head Penny.

The chaos of the Civil War led to a serious metal shortage and hoarding, so the Mint changed the composition of the penny from copper-nickel to bronze. The new"Type 3" Indian Head Penny was introduced in 1864 and it would remain unchanged for the rest of its historic run. In 1909, the penny was redesigned in honor of the 100th Anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth.

Limitation: 61,300,000
Weight: 3.11 g
Material: .950 copper, .050 tin
First issued: 1904
Issue country: USA
Diameter: 19 mm
Face value: 1 Cent
Material: Mixed
Quality: fine
Period: 1871 to 1918

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